Adding three dots after the title of items in a dropdown menu seems to be a common practice (as you can see on the picture of a drop down menu in Google Chrome). They generally mean that there is something after clicking on it.

Google chrome dropdown menu (french version)

These dots are also sometimes present in the text of action links and buttons.

I am wondering about their utility and relevancy...

In your opinion:

  • What kind of information should be conveyed by these dots?
  • How and when should I use them?
  • Is it really relevant to the user, and easily understood by them?

2 Answers 2


These dots, referred to as an ellipsis, always mean that there are additional options. For example when you see "Print..." it is indicating that there will be another step before there is anything sent to the printer.

Taken from The Microsoft UX Guidlines:

Design concepts Using ellipses

While command buttons are used for immediate actions, more information might be needed to perform the action. Indicate a command that needs additional information (including confirmation) by adding an ellipsis at the end of the button label.

In this example, the Print... command displays a Print dialog box to gather more information.

By contrast, in this example the Print command prints a single copy of a document to the default printer without any further user interaction.

Proper use of ellipses is important to indicate that users can make further choices before performing the action, or even cancel the action entirely. The visual cue offered by an ellipsis allows users to explore your software without fear.

This doesn’t mean you should use an ellipsis whenever an action displays another window—only when additional information is required to perform the action. Consequently, any command button whose implicit verb is to “show another window” doesn’t take an ellipsis, such as with the commands About, Advanced, Help (or any other command linking to a Help topic), Options, Properties, or Settings.

Generally, ellipses are used in user interfaces to indicate incompleteness. Commands that show other windows aren’t incomplete—they must display another window and additional information isn’t needed to perform their action. This approach eliminates screen clutter in situations where ellipses have little value.

  • And you just beat me to it... :-)
    – Sam K
    Aug 1, 2011 at 19:47
  • 9
    Its funny but I never even noticed these before but have used those commands many times. Low and behold, there they are in my FireFox menu. They do their job without you even realizing it. Aug 1, 2011 at 19:49
  • @Matt Same thing happened to me about a year ago. Aug 1, 2011 at 19:50
  • 5
    I've also never, ever, noticed these dots. And I've been using Windows since 3.1. However I don't think they've been doing any kind of job - I just blanked them.
    – PhillipW
    Aug 1, 2011 at 20:52
  • Your bolded summary of these guidelines is completely inaccurate and furthers the common misconception about what an ellipsis on a menu item means. The quotation is perfectly clear: it means that additional input is required, not simply that additional options are available.
    – Cody Gray
    May 17, 2017 at 8:43

From the article: How to Use Arrow and Ellipsis Affordances

Sometimes a button or menu option will open a modal window instead of completing an action. An ellipsis affordance tells users this is what happens. In the english language, writers use ellipses for unfinished thoughts. On a user interface, designers use ellipsis on buttons and menus for unfinished actions. The user completes the action on the modal window.

  • 1
    The first sentence from that quote is misleading. Only if that window which opens contains additional options required to start the action named by the menu entry, then it needs "...". For example, the "About" dialog opens a new window, yet does not need "..." because it has no additional options to start the "About" action.
    – Ray
    Dec 16, 2014 at 9:43

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