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As part of writing my thesis, I was trying to reconstruct how exactly the research field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) is related to Human-Computer Interaction (HCI).

I have a decent understanding of the differences and overlap between the two, but was wondering to which degree they overlap historically. I presumed CSCW to have split off from HCI as a wider subject area since the field seemingly predates it, but have found no evidence in this regard. For example, the wikipedia page on CSCW does not even mention HCI, whereas that of HCI merely mentions the overlap of which I am already aware.

A quick search (search for 'HCI') in a recent overview of CSCW by Schmidt and Bannon (2013) does not even seem to mention a historical link between HCI and CSCW.

How exactly are the two related historically?

Schmidt, K., & Bannon, L. (2013). Constructing CSCW: The first quarter century. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), 22(4-6), 345-372.

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Although the CSCW paper you reference (Schmidt & Bannon, 2013) does not seem to mention the historical relation between HCI and CSCW explicitely, it does reference an early CHI paper on the significance of CSCW by Bannon (1992): Perspectives on CSCW: From HCI and CMC to CSCW.

In chapter two of this paper ("Issues in HCI") problems within HCI are discussed which have lead to the emergence of the CSCW field.

In this Section, I concentrate on a particular area of research, human-computer interaction (HCI) and argue that the field has been encountering a series of crises concerning the utility of its conceptual approach and empirical methodology over the last few years1. Later I will argue that the shift in perspective underlying CSCW research can be seen to avoid or reduce the severity of some of these problems. While some argue that CSCW is simply an "extension" of existing HCI research and development, my point is that one can detect a switch not simply in emphasis, but also in conceptual frameworks, and even methodologies, in the new research field. ... My basic thesis is that this mainstream "cognitive science"-inspired HCI research has come up against a number of problems, both in terms of its research agenda and the usability and utility of its empirical results for the software design community (Bannon, 1990, 1991)

Concluding from this I thus feel it can be said that CSCW split off from HCI when it first originated due to dissatisfaction with the major methods employed at that time.

Schmidt, K., & Bannon, L. (2013). Constructing CSCW: The first quarter century. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), 22(4-6), 345-372.
Bannon, Liam J. (1992). Perspectives on CSCW: From HCI and CMC to CSCW, In EW-HCI’92: Proceedings of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, August 1992, St. Petersburg, Russia, pp. 148–158.

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