First of all, it will all depend on your branded font. See how you mention "Roboto" and "Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif" which are very similar. In that case, the answer to your question could be "no (relatively)". Now, use a branded font similar to Lobster and the answer will be a resounding "hell yeah!". You should really show a specimen of your font for an accurate answer.
However, it's very common to see regular system fonts for forms because there's a direct resemblance to code, data, stripped content. This means focus is put into content over visuals. There's no additional decorations, there's no gimmicks, just raw data. This is specially true in a pattern you probably have seen may times: monospaced fonts in forms. These fonts are used for legibility, spacing (they all take the exact same width, hence the monospace name) and it's the font family used for most technical and scientific documents. Take a read to this great description of monospaced fonts and why they're best suited for forms and code.
The above being said, there's a lot of discussion when it comes to monospaced vs variable-width fonts legibility, which in term is what should really worried about.
But check this out: there are fonts specifically built for forms and code, like Droid or Mono, while other fonts are better for blocks of text, titles and such. Take a look to this font list.
There's an additional concern: Pattern Breaking. A form is not part of the content, so it's better to use a clear, different pattern to avoid confusion (specially on rendered form outputs) and improve legibility and block identification at first sight. I made a quick sample to show you why:
In short: despite your branded form (which has a lot of influence), the answer is: if you can, use a different form. It won't harm, only help