Are these actual windows? Can you arrange them, stack them as you please and size them as you please? Dock them? You're not actually building windows if you're only building a big modal that covers up your entire screen and forces the user to hit "x".
At that point the question is - "Is putting a giant modal that covers up all navigation and context a good idea?" And I would say that 99% of the time the answer is "no".
Tabs for editing many fields aren't inherently bad. If your users don't like your tabs, maybe the way your data is grouped together on particular tabs isn't helpful. Or they may prefer to scroll and use a static table of contents rather than have tabs.
You're probably going to need to give us a mockup or screenshot or something if we're going to help you a whole lot more. It's hard to make suggestions without knowing what's feasible and what the scale of the data is (10 vs 100 vs 1000 fields).