I'll kick this off. It may not survive on SE, but this is an interesting question to identify a new kind of heuristics.
Familiarity breeds solid principles
Much of UX and interaction design is connected to biological solutions because biology is familiar to our brain. Using solutions that require less adjustment makes things easier to learn, if not always of the greatest efficiency.
High-level biological parallels
- Visual hierarchy: A butterfly discourages birds with a highly pronounced eye-like pattern on the wings "staring" right back at the bird. Drawing attention to the key points is a matter of survival.
- Reaction: Things in nature respond when they are interacted with. If they don't, an organism will assume something is wrong or more forceful interaction is required.
- Communication: People and animals expect to be responded to. When they communicate with another organism of the same or similar type, they expect feedback.
- Color coding: Similar to point one, color in nature is used to provide cues (or tricks) about meaning and function. Bees and hornets are yellow and black and they hurt. Some flies use this pattern to communicate a lie, thus avoiding predators.