The layout of the page is a grid on one side with a list of items, and on the other side displays a snapshot of something selected in the grid, or if you're adding an item, it displays the form.

I'm running into an issue where a user has a filter set on a grid and then adds an item to the grid that does not match the filter, and therefore he does not see it has been added. (Remember he adds the item through a form on the right of the grid..not inline).

Same with sorting. If the grid is sorted alphabetically descending and he adds "Zebra", he will not see his item unless he navigates to the last page.

First off, is this a problem?

Second, if it is, my ideas are listed below:

  • Upon adding an item, show feedback in the form of a small notification, grid 'refreshes' but may not show item if filter is applied.

  • Clear their filter. This may or may not display the item depending on paging.

  • Display the newly added item as the first or last item in the grid.

Any ideas or feedback would be greatly appreciated! Thank you!

  • Personally I add it as the last item regardless of filter or sort and bring it into view. Give them a refresh button that will honer the filter and sort and take them to the top.
    – paparazzo
    Sep 18, 2014 at 0:10

1 Answer 1


A problem far too common

This is a very common issue. You are describing a rather 'advance' configuration, where the grid and the form are co-located. But you can run into this problem with pretty much any data-driven application.

It goes without saying that if one sees a list of items, the 'add' action should be in close proximity to that list.

There are 3 things that will mess things up with such 'add' feature:

  • Filters
  • Sorting
  • Pagination

Some IA fundamentals

Data-driven systems have the famous triplet of page types (there are many names to each type, I'm just using arbitrary ones). It would help thinking of an e-commerce shop:

  • Unique page - a one-off page, no need for database. For example, terms and conditions.
  • Records page - a page that renders a list of (database) records, for example hard drives. AKA a catalogue page, a list page, or items page.
  • Record page - a page that renders a single (database) record, for example, a specific hard drive. AKA a product page, or an item page.

Cause #1 - needs follow design

The first cause for this issue is that user needs were not accounted for while designing the interface.

Here are, what I believe the four user needs the design has to account for:

Finding something

The grid (a records page/control), provides a multitude of items so users can find a particular item. This satisfies the need 'As a user I'd like to find a particular item'. Filters and sorting both help with this task; pagination is just a way to reduce cognitive load via clustering.

Editing something

The task model of editing an item has two steps:

  • Find it
  • Edit it

This is perfectly in tune with filters/sorting/pagination. No problems here.

Adding something

The form (a record page/control), through the add control, serves a different need - 'As a user I'd like to add an item'.

The important bit here as that, in essence, if the user knows they have added an item, it's job done. The grid, serving to find an item is not needed here. So, in theory (it really depends what the app does) once the user has added something, they may not wish to see it on the grid - they've just added it, why would they like to search for it.

Adding something then do something with that something

But there are exceptions - if you add a contact to your phone contact, you may wish to call that contact after adding it. So the records display does have to update so the new contact is in view.

Cause #2 - too much space

A lot of usability problems can be solved if one takes the 'mobile first' approach. Thinking small, often lead to more usable solutions than having to 'fill the display space'.

The solution

This is what happens on my iPhone contacts app, which is the usable solution in my view:

  • A grid displays the list of contacts. There's a visible search field and an add button.
  • If you touch the search field (filter field) the add button disappears - you either search for something or you add something. But you can't have a scenario where you can't see your added item because a filter is in place.
  • When you add a record, the grid scrolls so the new item is in sight. (although the iPhone doesn't do it, I think some highlight-animation on the new item would be appropriate, like a green background colour that fades to the background colour of all other items - this site does it, but I can't remember where).

So, a filter while adding - out of the question. Both sorting and pagination still allow the grid to have the new item in view.

Here is the iPhone before you click search:

An image showing both the add button and search field on top

And after hitting search:

Whilst typing a search, the add button disappears

  • You broke it down quite well. Thank you for your helpful feedback. We had initially designed for Finding, Editing and Adding, but missed the last component because up until now, we did not see a need for the user to do something with the item they added. (The page is for setting up printer and fax servers. Once they are added, the user typically moves on to their next task.) So would you recommend in this case clearing the filter upon add? Sep 17, 2014 at 12:59

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