The image below shows the controllers of the three eighth-generation consoles (Xbox One, PS4, Wii U).

Eighth-gen controllers

As you can see, both the PS4 and Wii U controllers have symmetrical analog sticks, which seems like a very natural design choice. The Xbox controller, however, has non-symmetrical analog sticks.

What is the reasoning behind non-symmetrical analog sticks and are they intended to offer increased usability over their symmetrical counterparts?

  • Really this is more an industrial design question than a UX one. May 25, 2013 at 9:38
  • Interestingly, the original PS controller didn't even have analog sticks! So Sony's design decision to place both sticks on the bottom may be more historic than anything else: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PlayStation_Controller May 26, 2017 at 20:58

2 Answers 2


The asymmetrical design of the analog sticks is based on ergonomics and the typical use case. The left stick is at the neutral position for your left thumb, while the buttons on the right are at the neutral position for your right thumb. The vast majority of the time, you will be using the left stick and right buttons, so it makes sense that they are positioned for the most comfortable thumb position.

If you were to make the sticks symmetrical, you would have one of your thumbs out of a neutral position for the majority of the time, which is likely to increase fatigue and possibly cause cramping.

I'm not arguing that the xbox controller is necessarily better than the others, just that there is solid reasoning behind the design. Personally I prefer it, but many others disagree.

For the record, Cyborg sells a reversible xbox controller for those that really hate this, so that you can have a symmetrical version.

enter image description here

  • Great points; I'd never thought of it as a matter of comfort before. I wonder if PlayStation users experience cramping after long sessions of analog stick-heavy gaming, but that would be another question altogether. Thanks.
    – FThompson
    May 25, 2013 at 19:15
  • @JimmyBreck-McKye I had to leave the computer for urgent matters, so I only read John's answer (and upvoted it), and hadn't read (and upvoted) yours until just a few minutes ago. My apologies.
    – FThompson
    May 25, 2013 at 19:16
  • 7
    @JimmyBreck-McKye John's answer has a number of features that make it awesome easy to read: a picture (instant bonus), short sentences, short paragraphs, and key words are emphasized. Also, it is more focussed on answering the question without going into secondary information. So yeah, +1's ensue. May 27, 2013 at 20:23
  • 1
    Jimmy. I'd recommend a writing class. Because you need to write in shorter sentences if you want to be understood.
    – PhillipW
    Apr 27, 2017 at 22:04

The answer is simple. There is no "ergonomics", "fatigue" and other speculation. When Sony made a gamepad for original PlayStation - its design was patented. Therefore, Microsoft had no choice but to change the design a little in order not to get a lawsuit. That's all. The PlayStation console exists for 7 years longer than the Xbox and no one has complained about "fatigue" during this time.

Personally, I'm extremely inconvenient to use the original Xbox gamepad, after an hour my left palm starts to hurt because of the fact that the thumb is forced to reach for the stick. This does not happen to me on the PlayStation gamepad, I can play for hours.

Perhaps this is a matter of habit, but the fact remains that the design of the Xbox gamepad is the result of preventive measures to prevent patent infringement. It's good that you can buy gamepads with symmetric sticks compatible with the Xbox.

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