No, it doesn't work like this. The rules are for 100% zoom. Either:
- increase the font size to 19px and bold
- 24px not bold
- increase the colour contrast to 4.5:1 (ideally 7:1 to make you AAA compliant in that area).
You are approaching this from the wrong angle. You are trying to make sure your site is compliant rather than as accessible and usable as possible.
Low contrast text is not just a problem for people with colour contrast perception impairments, it also affects users with bright sunlight on their screen or people with cheap phones that have screens with poor contrast / brightness, or people who haven't got their settings right on their monitor!
It also requires more effort from all users to read low contrast text, and more effort = lower conversions / time on the page as people have a short attention span nowadays.
Aim for a 7:1 contrast ratio at your 14px font size.
Even better, define your font size in
rem and let the user's font size settings dictate how big the font should be. Obviously this means ensuring the site can handle different font sizes using fluid layouts / containers. At this stage just increase your font colour contrast to 4.5:1.
Or if you really want to keep your low contrast text as you find it aesthetically pleasing and you aren't bothered by the points I raised then you could always add a toolbar at the top of the page that lets users change the text colour. See this example where if you press "+ show preferences" it lets you adjust the site to your needs / preferences.