from my understanding you want a list of doctors and for each doctor you want them to have their own menu that includes selections such as Gestion de plannings/ Gestion d'activités and gestion de consignes.
If this is correct, I think you should have the selections close to the name of the doctor so that the user understands the two are associated with each other. The Law of Proximity states (quick google search), "elements that are close together tend to be perceived as a unified group. This straightforward law states that items close to each other tend to be grouped together, whereas items further apart are less likely to be grouped together." Otherwise, your user may not understand Gestion de plannings is for a specific doctor.
If you want the selections at the top, you can add the doctors name next to it like Dr. Bob Ross: [Gestion de plannings]. Or you could have the selections on the side under each doctor. Whatever way you choose, make sure it's clear that the pages are specific to a doctor.