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With respect to symbols or icons, the conceptual level is defined as the viewer's mental model; the semantic level is the meaning it conveys; the syntactic level is attributed to its esthetic quality or its arrangement on the screen.

How would you describe the lexical level in the context of iconography?

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Lexical level - related with vocabulary.

The lexical system has its internal structure. It consists of a network of formal, structural and functional dependencies occurring between individuals in the lexical system of a given language.

The icon itself is not a word but a visual image.

I think that the lexical dimension can strengthen the message and assure the user in the semantic / semantic dimension.

enter image description here


I recommend reading:

https://medium.com/@wenting_zhang/getting-fluent-at-the-language-of-iconography-3415d03d0a8f

More scientifically:

http://www.cnbc.cmu.edu/~plaut/papers/pdf/Plaut97LCP.structure.pdf

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