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In Design Methodology we can use

  • descriptive models such as hierarchical task analysis,
  • prescriptive models such as user stories

...To capture and understand the context of use as well as the user mental model.

The question is: how do we use them appropriately? Meaning when and why do we use either descriptive/prescriptive models?

  • I think for the purpose of the UXSE format, you'll probably need to provide a more specific example because the type of models you use would probably depend on a lot of different factors. – Michael Lai Oct 29 '18 at 0:22
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I tend to think of them as learning vs sharing tools and techniques.

Descriptive artifacts give you and your team a way to analyze what is needed or what the current user process is. I'm a firm believer in the Jobs to Be Done framework so these artifacts let you identify the real reason for a hire.

I like prescriptive artifacts as a way to share findings with the rest of the team. User Stories, Journey Maps, etc give you a way to share the analysis of raw information in a package that other makers can get behind. I don't think it's an accident that Agile Methodology employs User Stories to help developers know what to build and allow QA to understand what success looks like.

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