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19

Place demographic questions at the end of the survey. If you place them at the beginning, you will induce a phenomenon called stereotype threat. Stereotype threat says that if you remind someone of a stereotyped attribute of themselves, it will impact their performance even if they don't believe that stereotype. For example, suppose a girl has heard a ...


13

This article cites some studies about it: Some recent research in the Journal of Business and Psychology reveals that placing demographic items at the beginning of a survey increases the response rate to those items in comparison to demographic items placed at the end. And more importantly, it did not affect scores on the three noncognitive ...


10

A lot depends on the purpose of the voting, but the general rules that I would follow are: Show the votes before voting: the primary purpose of the voting is the sorting the posts / options you are allowed to vote on more than one post / option there are potentially many posts / options and you don’t need someone to have read them all before they vote ...


6

Show the result after the vote has been cast. This has to do with conformity (as you briefly mention yourself). Experiments (see f.ex. Asch's experiment) has shown that people in general, are affected by what other people do and say in groups, even if they initially was thinking or knowing differently. Therefor, showing a result before the vote is cast may ...


5

I don't see any disconnect at all between the two. Most people will have a faster response to objects on the right side of their visual field. So that applies to moving balls; tigers that want to eat you; etc. It is about a tiny increase in visual perception. This has nothing to do with learned importance. Reading from left to right has taught us that ...


2

Go the middle way and give the users the freedom. What you want to avoid is users being subconsciously influenced by the currently leadning answer(s). Consequently, hiding the intermediary results of the poll from the user seems to prevent that. However, you must not force users to vote to access the results, if they are only interested in the results, and ...


1

I think you have to think about the type of survey and how it is conducted to start with. Generally people would regard demographic information as a barrier to completing the survey (they want it to be as short as possible for obvious reasons), so if you put it in front then it reduces a person's ability to be focused for the rest of the survey. On the other ...



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