A screen reader is a software application that attempts to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen. This interpretation is then re-presented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.

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Do screen readers for blind people require content to be put in `<li>` to be usable?

Expanding on http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26160748/are-people-overusing-the-li-element -- http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20-TECHS/H48.html says: The list structure (ul/ol) is also useful to group ...
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96 views

Accessibility of linked DOC/DOCX files

I am working on a site where the client wants to provide links to Microsoft Word Doc/Docx files. This is probably a bad idea for a number of reasons but from an accessibility standpoint, is this a ...
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96 views

Do screen readers have built in “back to top” functionality?

So on my web application I have a floating button for back to top that's visible to users after they scroll down the page from the top. I was thinking whether I should consider attempting crafting ...
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“Right arrow” meaning for blind users

I have a menu with right arrows next to the elements that have child pages under them. The child items are not displayed in the menu, the arrow only indicates to the user that after they navigate to ...
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78 views

What is the most usable navigation mark up for screen readers?

When we mark up navigation data for a website we have several options available, including using html lists, html5 nav tags or just plain divs and spans. We also have various options at the attribute ...
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Can/Should I Label an informational span for screen readers?

I have an informational span, specifically, a span full of stars that represent a rating (star icons that can be filled or unfilled). As is, it shouldn't be visible at all to a screen reader, since ...
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Percentage of screen readers users in USA?

"Percentage of screen readers users in USA" : Is there a place where I can find such statistics ? A more global statistic that would still be good too. I came across this page but I could not find ...
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Is it bad practice to use Guillemets (laquo and raquo) on links?

Is it bad practice to use the HTML entities of the guillemets « (&laquo;) and » (&raquo;) on links? Originally they're used in many languages like French and Spanish to indicate ...
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Accessibility (browse aloud) for websites

We've got a housing trust website that we work on regularly (www.citysouthmanchester.co.uk) that needs to conform, as it's not for profit, to various online accessibility indicators. We currently ...
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285 views

Are there projects where good accessibility is unnecessary?

Recently I attended a job interview at a fairly well known agency. In my resumé I had specified that I always try to come up with easily accessible solutions regarding assistive technology. The ...
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incremental discovery and visually impaired users

I'm working on a design for a program with GUIs for basic, intermediate, advanced, and expert modes. You can find my question on the topic here: ...
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535 views

Should images be given alt text if they contain no information?

Example: a biography page with a picture of the person. The image contains no useful information, yet it adds enough emotional value to the page that simply removing it is not the solution. If you ...
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Which alternative text (alt) for static maps?

If screenreader users visit a contact page (on a company website) that contains a static map as image, what should be read to them? So: Which alternative text (content of the HTML alt attribute) ...
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Are support for voice browsers really necessary?

Screen readers attempts to identify and interpret HTML and send its data to a standard output which may be a video monitor, a text-to-speech output device or a braille output device. It is a way to ...