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Is it better to prevent a forbidden action or display an error/explanation message?

Hi forum. Not sure if this is the right place to ask a question like this, but here we go:

In my webapp I have a table of candidates applying for a position. Each row represents a candidate and I can perform actions on them like edit, delete and view details. Some candidates are shared to me by other and on those candidates my actions are restricted (cannot delete a candidate created by another user for example). What would the best practice be:

  1. Make the links which correspond to actions not allowed (inactive). If clicked then have a message appear explaining why the action is not allowed.
  2. Hide the link.
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migrated from May 25 '11 at 12:30

This question came from our site for professional programmers interested in conceptual questions about software development.

marked as duplicate by Rahul May 25 '11 at 12:31

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Hide the links. Don't confuse end-users.

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+1 to Denis. Don't show anything that user is not allowed to use. User has to see things they only need to see. – detay May 25 '11 at 10:35
This is what my boss said too but I disagree - take a look at the table im talking about: For me it would be more confusing not to have the report link. If the link were hidden the user would ask "why can I not create report for this candidate". – Muleskinner May 25 '11 at 10:44
And so, by your logic, customers should see disabled links such as "Issue Refund" on their Amazon orders? :-) – Anonymous May 25 '11 at 10:49
+1: A possible exception would be if some action on the page should enable the action (such as clicking a terms/conditions checkbox). – Anonymous May 25 '11 at 11:21

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